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10 interesting Facts about Paralympics

Paralympic started in 1948
The first-ever Paralympics Games were held in London in 1948, Organized as a sports event for British soldiers injured in World War II. The first games were called 1948 International Wheelchair Games. The Paralympics are the second largest sports competition in the world, after the Olympics.


History
After 1948 the game was held again at the same location in 1952, and Dutch veterans took part alongside the British, making it the first international competition of its kind. The first official Paralympic Games, no longer open solely to war veterans, was held in ROME in 1960.
The first official Paralympic Games, no longer open solely to war veterans, was held in ROME in 1960. 400 athletes from 23 countries competed in the 1960 games. The 1976 Paralympic games held with the inclusion of more disability classifications. The summer games expanded to 1600 athletes from 40 countries. The first winter Paralympic Games were held in 1976 in Ornskoldsvik, Sweden.


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Kabaddi History

Though there are various sports, few traditional sports like Kabaddi will always have its popularity. The first form of Kabaddi were started from Southern part of Tamil Nadu, India. Kabaddi is believed to be derived from group hunting and village defense.
The modern standardized version with set of rules emerged through 1915-1920 from Maharashtra, India.


International exposure for Kabaddi first received in Berlin Olympics in 1936. It was first demonstrated by the Mr. Hanuman Vyayam Prasarak Mandal from Maharastra, India.
Later in 1938 Indian National Games first introduced Kabaddi to a National Level Sport at Culcutta India.
The framed rules for the Sport came after the formation of All India Kabaddi Federation (AIKF) in 1950. These further led to the formation of Amateur Kabaddi Federation of India(AKFI) in 1973.


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10 interesting facts about zoology

Maximum Number of Fields
Zoology has the maximum number of fields. Zoology has the maximum number of fields in which it is divided compared to any branch of science. For example, there is ammalogy (the study of mammals), ornithology (the study of birds), herpetology (the study of reptiles and amphibians), ichthyology (the study of fish), entomology (the study of insects), soil zoology, vertebrate zoology, behavioral ecology to name just a few fields of zoology.



2 : Era of Aristotle
Zoology has its origins back to almost 1700’s and 1800’s and it was initiated in the era of Aristotle. Many of the zoologists started the first ever zoology expeditions around this time, venturing into deserts, forests and mountains.



3 : Research in Zoology
Parallel researches in zoology and cells were carried out by pioneers in both the fields. When combined together, this led to the development of the cell theory, which is considered as the fundamental theory of life.



4 : Classification
One of the essential foundations of zoology is classification. This crux of zoology, that is, classification is one of the most complicated and profound branches of zoology. It includes identifying and classifying animals based on different norms and guidelines. The different characteristics based on which animals are classified encompass various different aspects like, cells, tissues and body structure. This classification of the animal kingdom is also most commonly known as animal taxonomy.



5 : Zoological Museums
One of the world’s largest zoological museums is at Cambridge University in England. The zoological museum at Cambridge prides itself in having the largest collection of zoological species. The major attraction here is the Finback whale skeleton which is over 70 ft long. It is the largest species in an exhibition in the entire world, it’s dismantling alone can take up to 5 weeks. The University is currently raising funds to renovate, clean and remount all their species.



6 : Animals – All about them
Zoologists are people who deal with animals and study them. Depending on their experience and area of expertise zoologists have to work in various weather and environment conditions. According to a study, there are almost 200,000 zoologists in the United States alone. Also, almost all zoologists earn almost twenty-five dollars an hour.



7 : A comprehensive study
Charles Darwin studied animals and through a comprehensive study of zoology was able to form his most renowned theories of survival of the fittest. This eventually led to the development of the theory of evolution which gave us a better understanding of the evolution of living beings.



8 : Father of Zoology
Aristotle is popularly known as ‘The father of Zoology’. His greatest contribution is generally considered as the development of the theory of the genome codes. His practice of keeping methodical observations and keeping journals of every observation about animals and the wildlife paved the way for many great workers in the future and made other discoveries much easier.



9 : Beginning of Zoology
According to some historians, Conrad Gesner, around the 1500’s wrote the Historiae Animalium which is considered the beginning of the zoology as we know it today.



10 : What does it mean?
The word zoology in Greek means 'Animal'.


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10 Unknown Civil War Cannon Facts

Weight and range
The range of the civil war cannons was tremendous considering their weight. Few models had a range as large as 1.2 kilometers and many had a range of about 800 meters. That was pretty huge for destructive attacking from a comfortable distance, especially while attacking a fortress.



2 : Iron Filled ones
The cannon balls used in these cannons are made of cast iron filled in with explosive powder. In fact, many of them can still be found in backyards and also may be found upon digging at various places that have been previously used as a battlefield.



3 : Not just one model
The Civil War cannon weren’t just one model. Several types of it were used whose names aren’t known to many people. These include the 6 pounder gun, M1857, 12 pounders “Napoleon”, 20 pounder Parrot Rifle and many others. There are actually many parameters which are used to categorize them. Some of these parameters are weight, barrel length, Altitude, and range and also based on the type of objects fired.



4 : The Collectible Items
The Civil War Cannon balls and cannon are currently considered as a collectible item. One in possession of any can auction them and make some quick money. A cannon ball can be sold for about $15 to as high as $50.



5 : Corrosion resistant
Most of the cannon equipment was made of bronze, an alloy of copper and tin. However, there were a few exceptions. Naturally, they were corrosion resistant and strong.



6 : Mobility factor
The most useful feature of the Cannons made during those times was their mobility. Many models were constructed upon wheels. Hence soldiers could move them around in a battlefield and change the direction of fire quickly and efficiently although they weighed a lot.



7 : Four major types
On a broad basis, there are four major types of cannons. Historians may name them as Field (the ones that can be easily moved around), Mountain (The ones that can be swiftly dismantled and mounted on a horse and transported), Siege and Garrison (these are heavy and difficult to transport) and finally the Seacoast (These are huge and generally fixed usually at fortifications and seacoast).



8 : Swamp Angel
There is one famous artillery weapon, called ‘The Swamp Angel’. A Siege weapon was used to fire explosive shells into the city. It was fired continuously for 2 days until it finally self-exploded causing damage to its users.



9 : Double Barrel Cannon
Although not a new innovation, during this time a special Double Barrel cannon was made. However, it did not work as expected. It was designed to fire multiple cannons at the same time but the test and prototypes have failed miserably and there was no synchronization of firing. Nevertheless, this weapon was kept in the city as a defensive weapon just in case but was never properly used.



10 : The first Cannon
The very first Cannon which is the root of all these cannons was invented in China. Soon the technology developed and spread to Europe in the middle Ages and later spread across faraway lands of North America.


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10 not so well-known facts about concussions

Traumatic Brain Injury
The most common kind of traumatic brain injury is a concussion. It is basically a head injury which involves temporary brain function loss. Cognitive, emotional and physical symptoms can be observed if they are not very subtle. A victim may suffer from headaches, emotional instability, irritability, feeling a fog, amnesia, slower reactions and/or disturbances in sleep. Here are some lesser known facts about concussions.



2 : Not so uncommon
Concussions are not very uncommon. For example, a study suggests that in the US around 1.6 to 3.8 million sports related or recreational concussions have been reported. In fact, the number of people undergoing treatment for it has increased in the recent past.



3 : Traumatic Brain Injury
All concussions are different; no two are exactly the same. The TBI (traumatic brain injury) can affect people differently. A mild one may not be observed at all but a severe one may actually is life threatening. It depends on how well the brain was able to protect itself.



4 : Symptoms
It may be a silent threat. In the case of a concussion, signs and symptoms may appear hours or even days after the occurrence of the injury.


5 : Cases of Concussion
A study has shown that in about 80 to 90% of the cases the concussion TBI resolves within 7 to 10 days after it occurs. In some cases, however, the victim might suffer for months or even longer.



6 : Treatment
Instead of making the situation better, treatment may make thing worse. The vitamins and supplements that a person is taking could have an effect the brain’s recovery from a concussion. Thus a proper examination is required on the doctor’s part. Some types of blood thinning agents can cause complications over time. Depending on the type of concussion some patients may be told to keep off painkillers altogether while others might be recommended to have those. Treatment will obviously vary from person to person as each concussion is unique.



7 : Longer Period Recovery
Generally, when a child sustains concussion he requires a longer period of time to recover. This is because the brain of a child is still developing and thus it would take longer to heal.



8 : Three grades
Concussions can be categorized in three grades. When a brain injury occurs but the person does not lose conscience, it is considered as a Grade 1 concussion. This kind is not immediately observable. When the victims feel a high degree of disorientation it is called a Grade 2 event. They may be forgetful of their identity in this case. When the concussion causes loss of conscience in the patient, it is the Grade3 type. This is the most severe type.



9 : Diagnosis and display
Diagnosing a concussion in smaller children is difficult. Quite often the symptoms displayed in a young child are similar to any other concussion suffering adult but it can be tough to tell the difference sometimes. The concussion may cause the kid to stop eating, being irritable or crying uncontrollably. All these things may not be perceived as different from the normal behavior of a child by the caretakers, which is why diagnosis may be problematic. Thus after suffering any minor or major head injury, the kid must be taken to a doctor for safety’s sake.



10 : Vulnerability factor
Once an athlete suffers a concussion, s/he becomes three to six times more vulnerable to suffering from another one as compared to somebody who hasn’t got it even once.



11 : Laws and Concussion
A law regarding this has been passed in some of the states in the US. The Lystedt Law requires that if any person shows even the slightest of symptoms of concussion, this individual needs to be tested and certified OK by a licensed doctor before s/he is allowed to play for a game.


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