Traumatic Brain Injury
The most common kind of traumatic brain injury is a concussion. It is basically a head injury which involves temporary brain function loss. Cognitive, emotional and physical symptoms can be observed if they are not very subtle. A victim may suffer from headaches, emotional instability, irritability, feeling a fog, amnesia, slower reactions and/or disturbances in sleep. Here are some lesser known facts about concussions.
2 : Not so uncommon
Concussions are not very uncommon. For example, a study suggests that in the US around 1.6 to 3.8 million sports related or recreational concussions have been reported. In fact, the number of people undergoing treatment for it has increased in the recent past.
3 : Traumatic Brain Injury
All concussions are different; no two are exactly the same. The TBI (traumatic brain injury) can affect people differently. A mild one may not be observed at all but a severe one may actually is life threatening. It depends on how well the brain was able to protect itself.
It may be a silent threat. In the case of a concussion, signs and symptoms may appear hours or even days after the occurrence of the injury.
5 : Cases of Concussion
A study has shown that in about 80 to 90% of the cases the concussion TBI resolves within 7 to 10 days after it occurs. In some cases, however, the victim might suffer for months or even longer.
6 : Treatment
Instead of making the situation better, treatment may make thing worse. The vitamins and supplements that a person is taking could have an effect the brain’s recovery from a concussion. Thus a proper examination is required on the doctor’s part. Some types of blood thinning agents can cause complications over time. Depending on the type of concussion some patients may be told to keep off painkillers altogether while others might be recommended to have those. Treatment will obviously vary from person to person as each concussion is unique.
7 : Longer Period Recovery
Generally, when a child sustains concussion he requires a longer period of time to recover. This is because the brain of a child is still developing and thus it would take longer to heal.
8 : Three grades
Concussions can be categorized in three grades. When a brain injury occurs but the person does not lose conscience, it is considered as a Grade 1 concussion. This kind is not immediately observable. When the victims feel a high degree of disorientation it is called a Grade 2 event. They may be forgetful of their identity in this case. When the concussion causes loss of conscience in the patient, it is the Grade3 type. This is the most severe type.
9 : Diagnosis and display
Diagnosing a concussion in smaller children is difficult. Quite often the symptoms displayed in a young child are similar to any other concussion suffering adult but it can be tough to tell the difference sometimes. The concussion may cause the kid to stop eating, being irritable or crying uncontrollably. All these things may not be perceived as different from the normal behavior of a child by the caretakers, which is why diagnosis may be problematic. Thus after suffering any minor or major head injury, the kid must be taken to a doctor for safety’s sake.
10 : Vulnerability factor
Once an athlete suffers a concussion, s/he becomes three to six times more vulnerable to suffering from another one as compared to somebody who hasn’t got it even once.
11 : Laws and Concussion
A law regarding this has been passed in some of the states in the US. The Lystedt Law requires that if any person shows even the slightest of symptoms of concussion, this individual needs to be tested and certified OK by a licensed doctor before s/he is allowed to play for a game.