1 : Mazar
Tipu Sultan, the tiger of Mysore lived a brave and conquering life till he took his last breath. During his ruling era, he expanded his kingdom with pride, with many administrative innovations and pioneered his rule against Britishers.
Tipu Sultan's kingdom coinage success from the northern side of Krishna River and continued to the long distance at the end of Arabian Sea, capturing Easter Ghats in the east. After the sudden death of Tipu Sultan's father Hyder Ali from cancer in December 1782, during the period of Second Anglo-Mysore War. The tragic disaster and downfall of the Tiger's era took place from the next moment of his death during Anglo-Mysore War against Britishers and British East India Company. His defeat during the actions in the fight on May 4, 1799, merged the league of Tipu Sultan.
Tipu Sultan's Mazar in Srirangapatna is a Gumbaz, a Muslim mausoleum holding the graves of braves souls, Tipu Sultan, his father Hyder Ali and his mother Fakr-Un-Nisa. After the grant defeat of Tipu Sultan and his death during the of Siege of Seringapatam on May 4, 1799, h was buried on the very next day of his death day i.e May 5, 1799, next to his parents grave. The Gumbaz was already raised by Tipu Sultan in the year 1782-84 at Srirangapatna, as tombs of his father and mother. The tomb of buried parents is surrounded by the green shade of nature in form of lawns and garden, which beautify the mausoleum. The area is nurtured with cypress garden and other species of plants and trees, which are collected from Persia, Ottoman Turkey, Kabul and French Mauritiu.
Despite the beautiful landmarks of the area surrounded by natural scenic species, the original carved doors of the tomb were removed and now being displayed at Victoria and Albert Museum in London. However, the present doors which are the replaced copy of the original carved doors are made up of ebony and decorative ivory which was gifted by Lord Dalhousie. If we talk about the architecture of the tomb, it is designed in Persian style, drafted and crafted with large rectangular shaped garden. Placing the tomb at the center of the garden on overhead platforms.
The domes are plotted with sharp sculpted granite black pillars with grilled carving cut work on the same stone of black granite used for the doors and windows of the tomb. The wall from inside gives the epic look of the tiger as are painted with tigers strips. The elevated three graves of royal warriors, Tipu Sultan, Hyder Ali and Fakr-Un-Nisa located inside the sculpted building of tomb. The east buried grave is of his mother Fakr-Un-Nisa, to his west Tipu Sultan is buried, and the central grave is of Tipu Sultan's father Hyder Ali.
Despite the grave of Tipu Sultan and his parents, some of the relatives of the tiger of Mysore were also buried in the same tomb but outside the garden. Most of the graves inscriptions are sculpted in Farsi language. The other graves include, the grave of Sultan Begam (Sister of Tipu Sultan), Fatima Begum (Tipu's Daughter), Shazadi Begam (Infant Daughter), Syed Shahbaz (Tipu's son in law), Mir Mahmood Ali Khan and his father and mother. The east side is located a black gravel supposedly of Tipu's foster mother Madina Begum. The other elevations of the open space area is filled with 3 rows of graves, with first having no headstones another placed with 14 graves which include 8 women and 6 men, including that of Malika Sultan e Shaheed or Ruqia Banu, Burhanuddin Shaheed - brother-in-law of Tipu and brother of Ruqia Banu, Nizamuddin and 1 unmarked grave.
The third row is counted off 14 graves, 9 women and 5 men and includes Nawab Muhammad Raza Ali Khan or Ban Ki Nawab who was killed in the Battle for Coorg, and an unidentified grave. On the northern side, there are many rows of graves of both sexes, with only a few having headstones.
At a walking distance from the Gumbaz, a beautiful divine sculpted building termed as Masjid-E-Aksa is located which was also built by Tipu Sultan. The Gumbaz is decorated with ornamental railings, turrets with the spherical shape. The Gumbaz uses the Bijapur style, consisting of dome placed structure on cubical architecture. The Gumbaz is balanced with supportive pillars which are 36 black granite crafted pillars in the count. The tomb is facing the direction of east from the entry side.