The world is enveloped by a great blanket of beautiful flora and fauna. Uncountable amazing species of both animals and plants are residing on this land along with us. But, humans have still not identified all of them though attempts are carried out through the various branches of science. One such astonishing branch is Zoology. It is the science of classifying and biologically studying animal kingdom which includes the science of not only terrestrial but also aquatic animals. Though not widely pursued, zoology is one of the most enthralling and captivating branches. It also involves analyzing the behavior and impact that humans have on natural habitats and wildlife. Here are some interesting facts about zoology that will leave most people awestruck:
1 : Maximum Number of Fields
Zoology has the maximum number of fields. Zoology has the maximum number of fields in which it is divided compared to any branch of science. For example, there is ammalogy (the study of mammals), ornithology (the study of birds), herpetology (the study of reptiles and amphibians), ichthyology (the study of fish), entomology (the study of insects), soil zoology, vertebrate zoology, behavioral ecology to name just a few fields of zoology.
2 : Era of Aristotle
Zoology has its origins back to almost 1700’s and 1800’s and it was initiated in the era of Aristotle. Many of the zoologists started the first ever zoology expeditions around this time, venturing into deserts, forests and mountains.
3 : Research in Zoology
Parallel researches in zoology and cells were carried out by pioneers in both the fields. When combined together, this led to the development of the cell theory, which is considered as the fundamental theory of life.
4 : Classification
One of the essential foundations of zoology is classification. This crux of zoology, that is, classification is one of the most complicated and profound branches of zoology. It includes identifying and classifying animals based on different norms and guidelines. The different characteristics based on which animals are classified encompass various different aspects like, cells, tissues and body structure. This classification of the animal kingdom is also most commonly known as animal taxonomy.
5 : Zoological Museums
One of the world’s largest zoological museums is at Cambridge University in England. The zoological museum at Cambridge prides itself in having the largest collection of zoological species. The major attraction here is the Finback whale skeleton which is over 70 ft long. It is the largest species in an exhibition in the entire world, it’s dismantling alone can take up to 5 weeks. The University is currently raising funds to renovate, clean and remount all their species.
6 : Animals – All about them
Zoologists are people who deal with animals and study them. Depending on their experience and area of expertise zoologists have to work in various weather and environment conditions. According to a study, there are almost 200,000 zoologists in the United States alone. Also, almost all zoologists earn almost twenty-five dollars an hour.
7 : A comprehensive study
Charles Darwin studied animals and through a comprehensive study of zoology was able to form his most renowned theories of survival of the fittest. This eventually led to the development of the theory of evolution which gave us a better understanding of the evolution of living beings.
8 : Father of Zoology
Aristotle is popularly known as ‘The father of Zoology’. His greatest contribution is generally considered as the development of the theory of the genome codes. His practice of keeping methodical observations and keeping journals of every observation about animals and the wildlife paved the way for many great workers in the future and made other discoveries much easier.
9 : Beginning of Zoology
According to some historians, Conrad Gesner, around the 1500’s wrote the Historiae Animalium which is considered the beginning of the zoology as we know it today.
10 : What does it mean?
The word zoology in Greek means 'Animal'.